This book is designed to introduce teachers and students to the practice of language testing, so that they will be able to design, build, and evaluate their own tests. There is a strong focus on classroom assessment, as well as providing an introduction to standardized and standards-based testing. The themes of the book also integrate with material on this website. Each chapter also has extensive discussion, practice and writing activities, providing an ideal introductory course in language testing and assessment. Read the blurb for more detailed information.

As it says on the cover, this is an advanced resource book. Its focus is on test and assessment validation set within a new approach that draws on the philosophy of pragmatism to relate test design to intended effects and consequences. Written for people working with language tests and assessments in their professional lives, and graduate students at masters and doctoral levels, it also provides key readings from the field as well ideas for projects and research. Read the blurb for more detailed information.

The first and most extensive treatment of testing second language speaking. After a brief historical account of the evolution of speaking tests, the book discusses how we can define speaking, and describes the range of tasks that we can use to elicit speech. It also deals with the process of test design with a special focus on designing rating scales to score speaking performances, and the writing of test specifications. Other chapters look at rater and interlocutor training, test administration, speaking test evaluation, and the tools and techniques we can use in researching speaking tests. Examples and illustrations are used throughout.


The award committee found the paper by Fulcher and Davidson an excellent conceptual paper that emphasizes the centrality of test purpose in test design decisions, and proposes a systematic approach to evaluating test revisions and test retrofit. The paper is very well-written and the authors guide the reader step by step through the processes of careful decision-making that language testers should undergo when changing tests or test purposes. The use of the architecture metaphor is well-chosen and makes the argument compelling and accessible to a broad audience including practitioners. Test retrofit has been heatedly debated in public forums but has never seen such a systematic treatment in the scientific literature as in this paper. The authors make a strong and timely contribution to the field of language testing in a period where tests are being used for purposes they were not originally intended for, or misused entirely, but the consequences of test change or change of test purpose for the validation process can hardly be found in the literature. Fulcher and Davidson provide the language testing field with the appropriate terminology and guidance for this important and timely topic.

The Routledge Handbook of Language Testing offers a critical and comprehensive discussion of language testing and assessment within the fields of applied linguistics and language study. An understanding of language testing is essential for applied linguistic research, language education, and a growing range of public policy issues. This handbook is an indispensable introduction and reference to the study of the subject. Specially commissioned chapters by leading academics and researchers of language testing address the most important topics facing researchers and practitioners, including: * An overview of the key issues in language testing * Key research methods and techniques in language test validation * The social and ethical aspects of language testing * The philosophical and historical underpinnings of assessment practices * The key literature in the field * Test design and development practices through use of practical examples The Routledge Handbook of Language Testing is the ideal resource for postgraduate students, language teachers, and those working in the field of applied linguistics.

This is a book about ideas that draws heavily on an Enlightenment view of humankind and scientific endeavour. Ideas are most often dormant. They sleep while we get on with the practical tasks of designing tests that help someone make decisions. But while ideas rest, so do our critical faculties. For me, this book reflects a journey. This has taken me from my roots in philosophy and Greek, through applied linguistics, statistics, and language testing. Only to find that many of the answers to questions that I have take me back to philosophy. This book is the outcome of my wandering through the conflicting ideas that inspire language testers and their practice.

2016 SAGE/ILTA Book Award

SAGE, the Publisher of the Language Testing journal, in conjunction with the International Language Testing Association (ILTA), sponsors an award for the best book in the area of language testing/assessment. The current award includes books published from 2012 to 2015.

The selection committee is made up of five judges drawn from the Editorial Board of Language Testing and the Executive Board of ILTA. Members of the committee for the current award were Annie Brown, Australian Council for Educational Research (Chair), Beverly Baker, University of Ottawa, Jayanti Banerjee, Worden Consulting LLC, Slobodanka Dimova, University of Copenhagen and Ute Knoch, University of Melbourne.

The judging process for the current award resulted in a tie. Therefore, the two recipients of the SAGE/ILTA Award are:

Glenn Fulcher (2015) Re-examining Language Testing: A philosophical and social inquiry. London and New York: Routledge.


Glenn Fulcher & Fred Davidson (Eds.) (2012) The Routledge Handbook of Language Testing. London and New York: Routledge.

Fulcher's book impressed the committee with its novel philosophical approach to fundamental concepts in language testing. Fulcher leads us beyond practical advice about good language testing practices to conversations about how we construct the meaning of language testing through the prism of our value systems. Fulcher skillfully interweaves the views of classical philosophical thinkers and writers into his discussion in order to unveil a fresh perspective on the fundamental concepts such as inference, values, constructs and measurement, and to open up previously unquestioned assumptions. Arguing for a view of language testing that draws on Enlightenment thinking, the writing is consistently engaging and thought-provoking.

In the collection of articles edited by Fulcher and Davidson, the editors have succeeded in assembling a set of contributors with an unparalleled level of expertise in their respective areas, and with distinctive talents in communication. The strength of this extremely well-edited collection lies in the interweaving of theoretical and practical aspects of language testing through nine broad themes, and in the structuring of individual contributions to provide a historical perspective, a discussion of current issues and contributions, and a consideration of future directions. The volume stands not only to have a wide impact on best practice in the field, but also in the development of language assessment literacy in other professionals who find themselves involved in activities of language assessment.

Profile, Research, Publications, Education

Prof. Glenn Fulcher

                                          [Profile] [Books] [Papers] [Education]
Stuff About Me, Research, Language Testing and Assessment

I am Professor of Applied Linguistics and Language Assessment in the English Department at the University of Leicester in the United Kingdom. My main interests lie in the field of language testing and the philosophy of assessment. I have extensive experience of working on test design (paper and computer based) and development projects, including the design and creation of test specifications, item/task design and prototyping, item/task review procedures, pre-testing, test analysis and assembly. I have specific expertise in the design and development of rating instruments for performance assessments, particularly for L2 speaking and communication. I developed the first data-based rating scales between 1987 and 1993, and continue to conduct research in this area.

I have worked for a number of major testing companies in a research or consultancy capacity on test development projects, alignment studies, and conducting item writer/rater training. I have published widely in the field, and you can see (and download) some of my work below.

Finally, I am interested in teaching language testing. I offer two modules each year, both on campus and by distance learning, supported by innovative electronic materials to enhance the student experience.

I was Editor of Language Testing (Sage) from 2006 to 2015, and from 2016 I continue as the Podcast Editor. I served on the Executive Board of the International Language Testing Association (ILTA) from 1998 - 2000. In 2005 I was elected Vice President, served as President in 2006, and then as ex-officio Immediate Past President from 2007 - 2008. During 2009 I was a Leverhulme Research Fellow. I am grateful to the Leverhulme Trust which awarded me a substantial grant to pursue research in language testing literacy, leading to the publication of a model of language testing literacy in Language Assessment Quarterly, the upgrading of this website, and Practical Language Testing.

BD (London)
AKC (London)
PGCE (Cambridge)
MTh (London)
MA Applied Linguistics (Birmingham)
PhD (Lancaster)
Here's a picture of me in my library, taken when I was deeply engrossed in writing Language Testing Re-examined. See information below. I live in the beautiful county of Leicestershire, just a few miles away from the University of Leicester where I work. The photos above are all taken within a 20 minute walk of my home. When I'm not working, reading, walking, swimming or practising guitar, I enjoy listening to the radio, usually while cooking! Eating in the garden during good weather is fantastic. If you're interested in garden birds, here is a video of some that regularly come to my garden. It's hi-def, so wait for it to load for a while before clicking play. I'm also very keen on playing board games, which are infinitely more sociable than sitting alone at a computer for hours.

In 2013 I was awarded a University Teaching Fellowship for excellence in teaching language testing, based on my work in assessment literacy funded by the Leverhulme Trust. In June 2014 I was made a National Teaching Fellow of the Higher Education Academy for my work in promoting teaching and learning in language testing and assessment. 2014 was the only year in which my University received three such awards, which was reported in LE1 Magazine.

My Google Scholar Profile

Fulcher, G. (2015). Re-examining Language Testing: A Philosophical and Social Inquiry.
London & New York: Routledge.
Paperback: 978-1-13-877470-4 ; Hardback: 978-1-13-877469-8.

Winner of the 2016 SAGE/ILTA Book Award.
Hover here to see the selection committee citation.

Download a Flyer for a 20% discount on this title in 2016

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The book has a companion website to elucidate the content of the chapters


"The creation of the field of psychometrics set out to reduce the uncertainty of measuring human abilities but not to deal with the underlying philosophical problem. Now, in this pioneering rethinking of the fundamental questions involved, Fulcher has finally tackled the basic issues. There can be no question as to the importance of this book."
Bernard Spolsky, Bar-Ilan University, Israel

"Fulcher's philosophical approach to language testing as a profession is both enlightening and thought provoking. It will present a major challenge for language testers in the years to come."
Yan Jin, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, China

Fulcher, G. (2010). Practical Language Testing.
London: Hodder Education/Routledge.
ISBN-10: 0340984481; 342 pages + xiv.

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The research for this book has kindly been supported by the The Leverhulme Trust, which awarded me a Leverhulme Research Fellowship to fund the research and study leave. I am also grateful to the University of Leicester, which granted me study leave.

Read the Reviews here

Fulcher, G. and Davidson, F. (2007). Language Testing and Assessment
London & New York: Routledge. ISBN: 0415339472. 424 pages.

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Read the Reviews here

Fulcher, G. (2003). Testing Second Language Speaking
London: Longman/Pearson Education.
ISBN: 0582-472709. 312 pages.

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Read the Reviews here

Fulcher, G. and Davidson, F. (2012) (Eds.) The Routledge Handbook of Language Testing.
London and New York: Routledge. ISBN: 0415570638, 560 pages.

Winner of the 2016 SAGE/ILTA Book Award.
Hover here to see the selection committee citation.

Download a Flyer for a 20% discount on this title in 2016


'This thorough and comprehensive introduction to the practical and theoretical dimensions of language testing and assessment is set to become a standard reference. With chapters by leading international authorities in the field, it is both intellectually stimulating and practically useful, and is a must-read for those involved in language testing as test developers, test users, policy makers and researchers.'
Tim McNamara, The University of Melbourne, Australia

'I found this book to be the finest collection of cogent articles on language testing to date. The Handbook solidifies language testing as a discipline in its own right - one that has real-world impacts on society at large. Stimulating and clear, the articles will be a valuable resource for decades to come.'
Paula Winke, Michigan State University, USA

Performance Testing and Scoring

Fulcher, G. (forthcoming). Assessing Spoken Production. In Coombe, C. (Ed.) TESOL Encyclopedia of English Language Teaching London and New York: Wiley.

Browne, K & Fulcher, G. (2017). Assessing Spoken Production. In Isaacs, T. & Trofimovich, P.(Eds.) Second Language Pronunciation Assessment. Bristol: Multilingual Matters.

Fulcher, G. (2016). Criteria for Evaluating Language Quality. In Shohamy, E. (Ed). Language Testing and Assessment. Vol. 7. of the Encyclopaedia of Language and Education. New York: Springer. 2nd Edition.

Fulcher, G. (2015). Research timeline: Assessing Second Language Speaking. Language Teaching 48(2), 198 - 216.

Kemp, J. and Fulcher, G. (2013). Performance Decision Trees: Developing domain-specific criteria for teaching and assessment. In J. Wrigglesworth (Ed.) EAP within the higher education garden: Cross-pollination between disciplines, departments and research. (pp. 159 - 170). Reading: Garnet.

Fulcher, G. (2012). "Scoring Performance Tests." In Fulcher, G. and Davidson, F. (Eds.) The Routledge Handbook of Language Testing. London and New York: Routledge, 378 - 392.

Fulcher, G., Davidson, F. & Kemp, J. (2011). "Effective rating scale development for speaking tests: Performance Decision Trees." Language Testing 28, 1, 5 - 29.

Fulcher, G. (2008). "Assessing Language Quality". In Shohamy, E. (Ed.) Language Testing and Assessment. Vol. 7, Encyclopedia of Language and Education. New York: Springer Publishers, 157 - 176.

Fulcher, G. (2007). "Evaluating quality in second language performance tests." English Language Assessment 1, 3 - 19.

Fulcher, G. (1998). "Testing Speaking". In Clapham, C. (Ed). Language Testing and Assessment. Vol. 7. of the Encyclopaedia of Language and Education, Kluwer Academic Publishers, 75 - 86.

Fulcher, G. (1997). "Assessing Writing". In Fulcher, G. (Ed) Writing in the English Language Classroom. Phoenix ELT/Prentice Hall Macmillan.

Fulcher, G. (1996). "Testing tasks: issues in task design and the group oral." Language Testing 13, 1, 23 - 51.

Fulcher, G. (1996). "Does thick description lead to smart tests? A data-based approach to rating scale construction". Language Testing 13, 2, 208 - 238.

Fulcher, G. (1994). "Some priority areas in oral language testing research." Language Testing Update 15, 39 - 47.

Fulcher, G. (1993).The Construction and Validation of Rating Scales for Oral Tests in English as a Foreign Langauge. Unpublished PhD Dissertation, University of Lancaster, UK. This is a very large file. Once you've clicked, just wait for it to download in a new window. If you're impatient, you'll crash your browser.

Fulcher, G. (1989). Lexis and reality in oral evaluation. US Department of Education, Office of Educational Research and Improvement, and the Centre for Applied Linguistics. ERIC document number: ED 298759.

Fulcher, G. (1987). "Tests of Oral Performance: the need for data-based criteria." English Language Teaching Journal 41, 4, 287 - 291.

Test and Task Design

Fulcher, G. (2017). The Practice of Language Assessment. In Hinkel, E. (Ed.) Handbook of Research in Second Language Teaching and Learning (pp. 463 - 475). London and New York: Routledge.

Fulcher, G. (2013). "Test Design and Retrofit." In Chapelle, C. A. (Ed.) The Encyclopeidia of Applied Linguistics (pp. 5809 - 5817). Malden MA: Wiley Blackwell

Davidson, F. and Fulcher, G. (2012). "Developing Test Specifications for Language Assessment." In Coombe, C., Stoynoff, S., O'Sullivan, B., & Davidson,P. (Eds.) The Cambridge Guide to Second Language Assessment. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 59 - 65.

Fulcher, G. and Davidson, F. (2009). "Test Architecture, Test Retrofit." Language Testing 26, 1, 123 - 144.

Winner of the International Language Testing Association Best Article Award. Hover here to see the selection committee citation.

Fulcher, G. (2007). "Industrial methods for cottage industries? Alternatives for classroom assessment." In Niakaris, C. I. and Nebel, A. (Eds.) Testing and Teaching: Opportunities for Learning. Athens: Hellenic American Union, 44 - 51

Davidson, F. and Fulcher, G. (2007). "The Common European Framework of Reference (CEFR) and the design of language tests: A Matter of Effect." Language Teaching 40, 3, 231 - 241.

Fulcher, G. (2006). "Test Architecture." Foreign Language Education Research, 9, 1 - 22.

Davidson, F. and Fulcher, G. (2006). "Flexibility is proof of a good 'framework'." Guardian Education, 17 November.

Fulcher, G. and Marquez Reiter, R. (2003). "Task difficulty in speaking tests." Language Testing 20, 3, 321 - 344.

Fulcher, G. (1998). "Widdowson's model of communicative competence and the testing of reading: An exploratory study." System 26, 3, 281 - 302.

Issues in Validity and Reliability

Fulcher, G. (2016). Standards and Frameworks. In Banerjee, J & Tsangari, D. (Eds.) Handbook of Second Language Assessment, (pp. 29 - 44). Berlin: DeGruyter Mouton.

Fulcher, G. (2015). Context and inference in language testing. In King, J. (Ed.) Context and the Learner in Second Language Learning (pp. 225 - 241). London: Palgrave Macmillan.

Fulcher, G. (2014). Philosophy and Language Testing. In Kunnan, A. J. (Ed.) The Companion to Language Testing (pp. 1431 - 1451). London: Wiley-Blackwell.

Fulcher, G. & Svalberg, A. M-L. (2013). Limited Aspects of Reality: Frames of reference in language assessment. International Journal of English Studies 13(2). Second language testing: Interfaces between Pedagogy and Assessment.

Xing, P. and Fulcher, G. (2007). "Reliability assessment for two versions of the Vocabulary Levels Test." System 35, 2, 182 - 191.

Chalhoub-Deville, M. and Fulcher, G. (2003). "The oral proficiency interview and the ACTFL Guidelines: A research agenda." Foreign Language Annals 36, 4, 498 - 506.

Fulcher, G. (1999). "Assessment in English for Academic Purposes: Putting content validity in its place." Applied Linguistics 20, 2, 221 - 236

Fulcher, G. (1997). "An English Language Placement Test: Issues in reliability and validity." Language Testing 14, 2, 113 - 139.

Fulcher, G. (1996). "Invalidating validity claims for the ACTFL Oral Rating Scale." System 24, 2, 163 - 172.

Fulcher, G. (1996). "The interplay of evidence in the consideration of variable scores and performance across tasks." In J. Field, A. Graham and M. Peacock (Eds) Insights 1. Kent: IATEFL Publications.

Fulcher, G. (1995). "Variable competence and Second Language Acquisition: A problem for research methodology. System 25, 1, 25 - 33.

Fulcher, G. (1988). "Item Response Theory: what is it?" Education Today 28, 4, 44 - 52.

Fulcher, G. (1987). "Measurement or Assessment: a fundamental dichotomy and its educational implications." Education Today 37, 2, 60 - 65.

Pedagogy and Applied Lingistics

Fulcher, G. (2009). The commercialization of language provision at University. In Alderson, J. C. (Ed.) The Politics of Language Education: Individuals and Institutions. London: Multilingual Matters, 125 - 146.

Fulcher, G. (2007). "Universities undermine their own foundations." Guardian Education, 13 April.

Marquez Reiter, R., Rainey, I. and Fulcher, G. (2005). "A comparative study of conventional indirectness in British English and Peninsular Spanish." Applied Linguistics 26, 1, 1 - 31

Fulcher, G. and Locke, D. (1999). "Distance Education: The future of library and information services requirements." Distance Education 20, 2, 313 - 329.

Fulcher, G. (1999). "Library and Information Services Requirements: A Course Developer's Perspective." In D. A. Lock (ed.) Library Services for Distance Learners. Surrey: Proceedings of the first Conference on Library Services for Distance Education. 3 - 8.

Fulcher, G. (1997). "Text difficulty and accessibility: Reading formulae and expert judgement." System 25, 4, 497 - 513

Fulcher, G. (1991). "Conditionals Revisited." English Language Teaching Journal 45, 2, 164 - 168.

Fulcher, G. (1989). "Cohesion and coherence in theory and reading research." Journal of Research in Reading 12, 2, 146 - 163.

Fulcher, G. (1988). "The EFL Classroom as a place for research." Education Today 38, 4, 44 - 52.

Fulcher, G. (1988). "Teaching vocabulary for writing." Modern English Teacher 15, 1, 25 - 30.

Fulcher, G. (1987). "Contextual Hyponymy: a communicative approach to teaching lexis in context." Modern English Teacher 14, 3, 14 - 17.

Online Features

On this website I periodically publish short articles on subjects that are topical or relevant to what is going on in my language testing classes. You can access a selection from the Features Page.

Social, Political and Ethical Uses of Tests

Fulcher, G. (2014). Language testing in the dock. In Kunnan, A. J. (Ed.) The Companion to Language Testing (pp.1553 - 1570). London: Wiley-Blackwell.

Fulcher, G. (2011). Cheating gives lie to our test dependence, Guardian Weekly, 11th October 2011. Or you can download a pdf.

Fulcher, G. (2010). "The reification of the Common European Framework of Reference (CEFR) and effect-driven testing." In Psyaltou-Joycey, A. and Matthaioudakis, M. (Eds.) Advances in Research on Language Acquisition and Teaching. Greece, Thessaloniki: GALA, 15 - 26.

Fulcher, G. (2009). "Test use and political philosophy." Annual Review of Applied Linguistics 29, 3 - 20.

Fulcher, G. and Davidson, F. (2008). "Tests in Life and Learning: A Deathly Dialogue." Educational Philosophy and Theory, 40, 3, 407 - 417.

Fulcher, G. (2008). "Testing Times Ahead?" Liaison Magazine, Issue 1: July, 20 - 24. Published by the UK Subject Centre for Languages, Linguistics and Area Studies, University of Southampton.

Fulcher, G. (2005). "Language Framework Documents and the Hallmark of Political Purpose." In Niakaris, C. I. and Nebel, A. (Eds.) Testing and Evaluation. Athens: Hellenic American Union, 28 - 31.

Fulcher, G. (2004). "Deluded by artifices? The Common European Framework and harmonization." Language Assessment Quarterly, 1, 4, 253 - 266.

Fulcher, G. (2004). "Are Europe's tests being built on an unsafe framework?". Guardian Education, 18 March.

Fulcher, G. (2003). "Few ills cured by setting scores." Guardian Education, 17 April.

Fulcher, G. (1999). "Ethics in Language Testing." TAE SIG Newsletter 1, 1, 1 - 4.

Fulcher, G. and Bamford, R. (1996). "I didn't get the grade I need. Where's my solicitor?" System 24, 4, 437 - 448.

Computers, Technology and Testing

Fulcher, G. (2005). "Better Communications Test will Silence Critics". Guardian Education, 18 November.

Fulcher, G. (2003). "Interface design in computer based language testing." Language Testing 20, 4, 384 - 408.

Fulcher, G. (2001). "Machines get cleverer at testing." Guardian Education, 17th May.

Fulcher, G. (2000). "Computers in language testing." In Brett P. and Motteram, G. (Eds.) A special interest in computers: Learning and teaching with information and communications technologies. Manchester: IATEFL publications, 93 - 107.

Fulcher, G. (1999). "Computerizing an English language placement test." English Language Teaching Journal 53, 4, 289 - 299

Fulcher, G. (1998). "Computer-based language testing: The call of the internet." In Coombe, C. A. (Ed.) Current Trends in English Language Testing. UAE: Al Ain University Press. 1 - 14.

Teaching, Learning and Assessment

Fulcher, G. and Owen, N. (2016). Dealing with the demands of language testing. In Hall, G. S. (Ed.) The Routledge Handbook of English Language Teaching (pp. 109 - 120). London and New York: Routledge.

Fulcher, G. (2012). "Assessment literacy for the language classroom." Language Assessment Quarterly 9, 2, 113 - 132.

Fulcher, G. (2010). "Assessment Literacy for the English Language Classroom." Testing, Evaluation and Assessment Newsletter, IATEFL, September, 6 - 8.

Fulcher, G. (2003). "Scaling the peak of writing assignments/dissertations." Guardian Education, November 21.

Fulcher, G. (2002). "Managers face the tests." Invited editorial for the EFL Gazette, April, Issue 267.

Fulcher, G. (2001). "Communicative Language Testing." In Coombe, C., Riley, S. and Troudi, S. (Eds.) Bridging the Gap between Teacher and Learner. TESOL Arabia, 52 - 68.

Fulcher, G. (2000). "The 'communicative' legacy in language testing." System 28, 4, 483 - 497

Fulcher, G. (2000). "Assessment in Independent Language Learning." In the Curriculum and Independence for the Learner Network Handbook (CIEL)

Fulcher, G. (1996). "Writing in the Classroom" Modern English Teacher, 5, 3, 45 - 48.

Fulcher, G. (1991). "The role of assessment by teachers in schools." In Caudery, T. (ed) New Thinking in TEFL. (The Dolphin Series No. 21), Denmark: Aarhus University Press, 138 - 158.

Fulcher, G. (1990). A GCE O Level Workbook. Mavromatis Books, Nicosia, Cyprus.

Book and Software Reviews

Fulcher, G. (2005). "Educational Test Analysis." Language Testing Update,36, 152 - 154.

Fulcher, G. (2000). Review of Chalhoub-Deville, M (Ed.) 1999. Issues in computer-adaptive testing of reading proficiency: selected papers. Studies in Language Testing Vol. 10. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Language Testing 17, 3, 361 - 367.

Fulcher, G. (1999). Review of Barnwell, D. P. 1996: A History of Foreign Language Testing in the United States: from its beginnings to the present. Tempe, Arizona: Bilingual Press. Language Testing 16, 3, 389 - 394.

Fulcher, G. (1997). "QM Web: A World Wide Web Test Delivery Program." Language Testing Update 21, 45 - 49.

Fulcher, G. (1996). "Brief report on the Language Testing Forum 1995". Language Testing Update, 19, 79 - 80.

Fulcher, G. (1996). "Cyberspace revisited". Language Testing Update, 19, 43 - 51.

Fulcher, G. (1995). "The Language Tester's Guide to Cyberspace." Language Testing Update 17, 62 - 65.

Fulcher, G. (1990). "Review of Testing Spoken Language by Nic Underhill, CUP 1987. English Language Teaching Journal 41, 1, 80 - 82.

Oddities from the Past

Fulcher, G. (1993). "Synonymy RIP." I came across this in a dusty drawer recently. Strange how we sometimes do stuff and forget about it. Anyway, I thought it was worth resurrecting ;-)

Fulcher, G. (1983). "Structuralism." Before Applied Linguistics and Language Testing I studied philosophy and theology. Here's an early publication from my previous life!

This is a newspaper article from The Cyprus Weekly in 1991 - and they couldn't spell my name correctly. Mainly of interst to teachers in Cyprus! I was Director of Studies at the English Institute in Nicosia from 1988 - 1993. Everyone in Cyprus is now familiar with the IGCSE. Most schools use it. But back then no one would touch it. Everyone was frightened that if they didn't use the old GCE, students wouldn't go to their school. It was a market driven thing. So I spoke at a conference and the Cyprus Weekly published THIS STORY. Later that year we introduced IGCSE and it was a great success. The research on which the decisions were taken was published as: Fulcher, G. (1991). "The role of assessment by teachers in schools." In Caudery, T. (ed) New Thinking in TEFL. Denmark: Aarhus University Press, 138 - 158. Probably no one remembers that I was the person who introduced the IGCSE to Cyprus in the early 1990s in order to enrich the curriculum at the English Institute and ensure that we spent more time teaching speaking!


(June 2010). Glenn Fulcher talks to... ELT News Athens, Greece.

(August 2007). An Interview with Glenn Fulcher Shiken Japan, JALT.


I make a podcast to accompany the journal Language Testing, which I currently co-edit. Visit the podcast page to listen, or download for your iPod.

Other Volumes

Fulcher, G. (2000). Expanding perspectives on language testing in the 21st century.

Guest Editor of a special edition of System, Volume 28, Number 4.

Fulcher, G. (1997). Writing in the English Language Classroom
Pearson Education/Phoenix ELT/Prentice Hall Macmillan.
ISBN: 0-13-626417-4

  • 1993: University of Lancaster. PhD in Applied Linguistics and Language Testing. Thesis: The Construction and Validation of Rating Scales for Oral Tests in English as a Foreign Language.
  • 1987: University of Birmingham, English Language Research. MA in Applied English Linguistics. Dissertation: Discourse Analysis and the Testing of Reading Comprehension.
  • 1982: University of London, King's College. MTh. Dissertation: Structuralism as a New Exegetical Method.
  • 1981: University of Cambridge: Christ's College. Post-graduate Certificate in Education (PGCE).
  • 1980: University of London, King's College. BD and Associate of King's College (AKC). Major: Textual Analysis of first century Greek texts.
  • 1979: Exchange scholarship in philosophy to Dartmouth College, Hanover, New Hampshire, USA.