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This website uses dymaic web slicing on some pages that are updated on a daily (or sometimes an hourly) basis. A page contains a web slice if you see this icon in the toolbar. This feature was introduced with IE 8, which allows users to subscribe to content and receive notification of updates on the browser tool bar. This was implemented for the employment page in January, 2010 and the Article Alert service in March 2010. The video link is an introduction to the use of web slicing. Further details about web slicing and how it works can be found here.


RSS stands for 'Really Simple Syndication'. It has become the standard method to send news and information from websites directly to the user who wishes to keep up to date.

Extensive use is made of RSS feeds on this website. The most obvious is Bulletin, which you can subscribe to by clicking on the RSS symbol . Whenever I make a major addition or change to the site it will be announced on this feed. I sometimes also use it to notify subscribers of more general language testing news.

Many pages also contain information that is generated by RSS feeds, but filtered using software that selects content using keywords and strings, before aggregating the information on the page. Examples of this are the article aggregation, and article alert services, which scan journals for language testing content and updates this page whenever new articles are published. This makes keeping up to date extremely easy, especially in the latter case where it is combined with web slicing. Developing the filters for some pages has taken over a year, such as on the employment page. However, some 'rogue' jobs still get through, particularly from the fields of computing, health care, and engineering. I continually update the filters to reduce such instances, but cannot eradicate them completely.

If you would like to know more about how aggregation works, there is a useful Wikipedia entry that you can consult.

DigitalP: 28 Oct 14: The Information Age
The highs and lows of the Information Age explored at London?s Science Museum.

Pirate Bay founder faces jail term
30 October, 2014
Pirate Bay co-founder Gottfrid Warg could face a lengthy prison sentence after being found guilty of hacking into Danish computers.

Interview: All you ever wanted to know about M2M technology
30 October, 2014

TechRadar Pro interviewed AT&T's Executive Director for Mobility Marketing, Mobeen Khan, to find out more about the complexities of machine-to-machine technology, its trajectory over the next few years and how industries are already benefitting from using this technology.

How has M2M technology transformed businesses?

MK Machine-to-Machine (M2M) communications allow businesses to transfer data from one device to another. This complex technology has taken the business world by storm, helping companies to improve operational and management efficiency across the board.

While M2M is still in its infancy, the expanding industry is already having an impact across a variety of sectors that are investing heavily in this technology, including transportation, industrial production, healthcare, automotive manufacturing and government.

As the popularity for this technology continues to soar within the business community, we are seeing more companies deploy M2M communications to help boost their employees' productivity and efficiency during their daily activities, such as running a diagnostics program, initiating a software update, ordering spare parts, or alerting an on-site engineer.

Which industries are most likely to benefit from this technology?

MK In today's connected world, nearly all industries can benefit from M2M technology - from large global manufacturers who want to track the status of their products, to construction, engineering and agriculture sectors that use M2M devices to monitor expensive equipment.

M2M is making an immediate impact in various vertical industries today. For example, shipment companies are using this technology to track expensive cargo throughout its journey, such as high-value seafood. In this instance, the containers are fitted with an M2M device to monitor location and temperature ? ensuring that the company engineers are able to take immediate action if a refrigeration problem does occur along the route.

Similarly, expensive machinery such as tractors and cranes are often fitted with M2M devices to track and monitor location, as well as collect data on the performance of the machinery to help the manufacturer eliminate inefficiencies found in the current models when developing new products.

These tools also offer manufacturers an opportunity to upsell additional services, such as a preventative maintenance service. By collecting data from the inbuilt M2M devices, manufacturers are able to identify any underlying issues in the machine's performance ? this not only diminishes the number of breakdowns but it also means that technicians spend less time diagnosing the problem.

The automotive sector has also uncovered the benefits associated with M2M communications, resulting in a new generation of wirelessly connected vehicles that are able to carry out activities such as: remote engine diagnostics, automatic downloading of system upgrades, and permitting vehicle owners to receive navigation and traffic information.

M2M technology has been talked about for years. Why has it taken so long to get going?

MK To the outside world, the M2M industry is perceived as fragmented and siloed. This is because M2M solutions are specific to each industry; therefore it is extremely difficult to develop a uniform solution to fit all the individuals' needs of each vertical industry. On most occasions, M2M solution providers need to develop a customized solution to fit the requirements of that specific market. This has meant that historically there are high entry costs, in turn discouraging some organisations from deploying M2M solutions.

Lowering the entry barrier is key to AT&T's M2M business. In fact, we recently joined forces with some of the technology sector's most influential players, including IBM, Cisco, GE, and Intel to form the Industrial Internet Consortium (IIC). The vision of the IIC is to manage the collaborative efforts of industry, academia, and government to accelerate growth of the Industrial Internet ? reducing this perceived fragmentation in the industry and breaking down the barriers.

Have you seen an increased demand for this technology among your customers?

MK The market has grown exponentially over the last few years, with the GSM Association predicting that global M2M connections will reach 250 million by the end of this year - a staggering increase when compared to the 195 million in 2013.

AT&T's M2M business customers have tripled in the past year with 17.23 million connected devices on our network and AT&T certifying more than 1,800 types of connected devices as of year-end 2013. We have also registered a 61% increase in the number of new M2M connected devices in the first quarter of this year, comparing to the same period last year. International M2M deployments also jumped 27 percent in 2012 and 33 percent in 2013.

What are AT&T's M2M business goals and key focus over the next few years?

MK Our goal is to introduce wireless capabilities into a wide variety of devices ? beyond the traditional handsets, with the aim to help businesses reduce their overheads and increase revenue. We are achieving this goal by investing in our ground-breaking innovation center, the M2M AT&T Foundry, located in Plano Texas, further advancing solutions that connect machines in the utilities space, track assets in industries like airline and fleet management, embed communications in industrial machinery, and capture performance data for heavy equipment.

What's in store for M2M technology over the next five years?

MK Over the next five years we will see a sharp increase in M2M revenues. According to global analyst firm, Ovum, the M2M market is set to treble over the next few years with M2M service revenues set to grow to $44.8bn in 2018, from the $13.6bn figure recorded in 2012. Also, by 2019 we are set to see three key industry verticals invest heavily in the technology: energy & utilities, healthcare and manufacturing.

What M2M trends that AT&T is currently coming across?

MK We are increasingly seeing a larger number of enterprises paying more attention to security as opposed to just their ROI and financial figures;

There is also a growing demand in big data analysis. Organisations want to use this data to enable them to achieve better business results, subsequently M2M devices are playing a key role in this data mining process;

We are seeing more and more organisations become key market participants with various automotive manufacturers, such as, GE providing M2M solutions for their customers;

M2M is becoming the hot topic within the business community with an increasing number of technicians and global business leaders taking a keen interest in this topic.

Microsoft unveils new platform called Health
30 October, 2014

Forget Microsoft's just announced fitness band (called Band), the real surprise is the Heatlh, a new platform launched by Todd Holmdahl, corporate VP at the company.

Dubbed an Intelligence Engine, Health includes both a consumer-facing aspect but also one geared towards the health and fitness industry that will allow the latter to store and combine data to create powerful insights, thanks to big data analysis.

Other than basic health related features, Health will, in time, be able to communicate with your email and calendar to provide smarter and more powerful insights.

One example suggested by Microsoft was about the impact on the number of meetings during the day on someone's sleep quality. For startups and the health industry, Microsoft will provide with API's, cloud storage as well as access to advanced algorithms and machine learning functionality.

You will also be able to connect your Health Data with Microsoft's other health-related service, the 7-year old HealthVault, to share that data with your medical provider (GP or other).

Holmdahl says that Microsoft will have a "regular cadence" of Microsoft Health announcements that will include products, SDK availability, apps and services.

The 10 best health and fitness accessories for your smartphone

HTML5 Specs Finalized, HTML 5.1 & HTML 5.2 Already In Development
30 October, 2014
15 years since the last update. A very long time ago (December 24th, 1999), the World Wide Web Consortium has published the finalized specs of HTML 4.01 (HTML 4 has been standardised in 1997). Now, 15 years later, the very same organization has finally W3C Recommendation for HTML5, which means it?s a final version. I?m […]

Speed boost for 4G in some cities
30 October, 2014
Two of the UK's mobile operators are turning on technology that boosts mobile speeds in a few UK cities.